If any joint peace force sets out rules and treaties they must be enforced to work. We have no territorial demands to make in Europe! As well as this, several French generals were sympathtic to Fascism and not hostile to Hitler.
French leaders found themselves in the awkward position of seeking the military co-operation of two incompatible allies. As Foreign Minister inNeurath played a decisive role in German decision-making that led to the remilitarization. France would therefore ask the Council of the League to declare that there had been a breach of articles 42 and 43 of the Treaty of Versailles [decreeing demilitarization of the The re occupation of rhineland.
The League Assembly voted for a British motion to impose sanctions on Italy with immediate effect on 18 November By agreeing with all of the peace treaties, and going along with any rules that had been laid down, Hitler seemed to be complying with the Treaty of Versailles.
It was a gamble on his part and his generals were nervous about it. The centerpiece of interwar French diplomacy had been the cordon sanitaire in Eastern Europe, which was intended to keep both the Soviet Union and Germany out of Eastern Europe.
Had France responded, he would have looked foolish. What clues are there that the British Cabinet thought the situation was serious? Germany claimed the treaty was hostile to them and Hitler used this as an excuse to send German troops into the Rhineland in Marchcontrary to the terms of the treaties of Versailles and Locarno.
It is difficult now to suppose that Herr Hitler could agree to such a demand, and it certainly should not be made unless the Powers, who made it, were prepared to enforce it by military action.
Starting inthe French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou had decided to put an end to any potential German aggression by building a network of alliances intended to encircle Germany, and made overtures to the Soviet Union and Italy.
Germany in the s was keen to get back on normal terms with other nations and signed the Treaty of Locarno. How to cite this page Choose cite format: The essential thing will be to induce or cajole France to accept [negotiations with Germany].
This was a clear breach of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and whilst reasonably confident that the plan would succeed he later admitted that the 48 hours after the first troops marched into the area were amongst the most nervous moments of his political career.
Even so, no countering measures were taken by any countries in, or out of the League. Hitler was greatly encouraged by this which meant that it was probably the turning point of the war. The French decision to build the Maginot Line in which cost hundreds of millions of francs was a tacit French admission that it was only a matter of time before German rearmament on a massive scale would begin sometime in the s and that the Rhineland was going to be remilitarized sooner or later.
We know that those men sitting round the Cabinet table in Downing Street in March had no idea that they were only three and a half years away from war. Why do you think they reacted in this way? It also traumatised a generation of British politicians into trying to redeem themselves, from Suez in to the Falklands in Pre-Roman[ edit ] At the earliest historical period, the territories between the Ardennes and the Rhine were occupied by the Treverithe Eburones and other Celtic tribes, who, however, were all more or less modified and influenced by their Germanic neighbors.
Long beforeGerman military and diplomatic elites had regarded the Rhineland's demilitarized status as only temporary, and planned to remilitarize the Rhineland at the first favorable diplomatic opportunity. Source E especially shows that Hitler was even worried that the French army would force him to flee from the Rhineland as the military force being sent there was extremely minimal and would not have been able to withstand even a light attack.
Cabinet 17 36 conclusion 1. As the central power of the Holy Roman Emperor weakened, the Rhineland split up into numerous small independent principalities, each with its separate vicissitudes and special chronicles. Source E especially shows that Hitler was even worried that the French army would force him to flee from the Rhineland as the military force being sent there was extremely minimal and would not have been able to withstand even a light attack.
It is reliable because the source is from a British politician so he would know the position of the government and why they have taken no action over the breaking of the Treaty of Versailles.Hitler moved on from the occupation of the Rhineland into the annexation of Austria and the seizure of the Sudetenland into the take-over of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March and then Poland in September A look at the German reoccupation of the Rhineland, explaining the background of this demilitarised zone set up under the Treaty of Versailles.
The Rhineland had acted as a buffer between France. The occupation of the Rhineland took place following the Armistice with Germany of 11 November The occupying armies consisted of American, Belgian, British and French forces. Under the Treaty of Versailles, German troops were banned from all territory west.
The Re-occupation of the Rhineland also meant that the Germans were likely to construct defences, making French pledges to Eastern European nations harder to fulfil should the need arise.
The French Foreign Minister, M Fladdin, spoke publically to announce the French response. The Re-Occupation of Rhineland This source is suggesting that Hitler was only sending troops to his land which already belongs to Germany.
He had right to do this as if you have a garden you are allowed to go there. German Re-occupation of the Demilitarised Zone. (Previous Reference: Cabinet 17(36) conclusion 1). 1.
The Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs gave the Cabinet an account of the conversations he and the Lord Privy Seal had held with representatives of the French, Belgian and Italian Governments.Download